Production sectors and services

  • Roman plough

    Record number: 3473
    Date: 1400 - 1600

    A Roman type plough comprising a long arm (the beam), which was called by the animals, and the mouldboard, the rear part of the plough onto which the ploughman held. The share, the piece of iron that cut through the earth to create the horizontal furrow, is attached to the plough.

    The first ploughs were used by farmers in Mesopotamia around 3500 BC, and were pulled by oxen. Around 500 BC, farmers began to make iron ploughshares, that were harder and larger, making them stronger and longer lasting. The farmer would walk behind the plough, holding it at an incline to push the ploughed earth to one side as it advanced, although this operation did not cover over all the surface vegetation. The Romans used this type of plough, which is why it is known as a Roman plough.