Record number: 12923
Form of acquisition: donation
Dimensions: 12 x 105 x 4.5 cm
Weight: 3.76 kg
Wooden rifle, possibly made from walnut (dark wood), with different metal elements, such as the sight, the centre, the chamber and the trigger. It is accompanied by a dark brown leather munition belt with a buckle, containing fifteen 7 cm bullets. It is fitted with a small metal tip to close the cover.
The rifle, of German origin, is named after its designer: Mauser. The Spanish Mauser 1893 model was in fact the weapon that began the Spanish Civil War in 1936, as it was the standard Spanish army issue. It had been adopted in the late 19th century to replace the old cartridges known as "black munitions". This 7 x 57 mm calibre rifle, with a sliding bolt and holding up to 5 cartridges, was a revolution for the Spanish troops, who first used it in their wars in the overseas possessions and Africa. While it could take a single load, simultaneous loading was also possible, with a central chamber fixed in the breach. The new ammunition was also of the latest model, using smokeless powder. The projectile was lead with a nickel steel jacket, weighing 11.6 g, and with a range capability of between 2,000 and 3,000 metres. Another characteristic of the weapon was that it ended in a bayonet, which could be used in hand-to-hand combat. However, this made it awkwardly long for dynamic warfare or narrow spaces, such as trench warfare.