Graphic arts

  • Simplex typewriter, model 1

    Record number: 12862

    Date: 1904

    Geographical specifications: United States of America

    Form of acquisition: purchase

    Dimensions: 6.5 x 22 x 11.5 cm

    Weight: 420 g

    Circular index typewriter. The rubber type mounted under the keyboard prints by pressure. Mounted on a wooden support.

    Simplex machines first made their name as toys.

  • Adler typewriter, model number 7

    Record number: 12832

    Date: 1911 - ?

    Geographical specifications: Germany

    Form of acquisition: purchase

    Dimensions: 15 x 36.5 x 37.5 cm

    Weight: 10.08 kg

    Typewriter with keyboard and visible type. It is equipped with a front strike system. It has a three-row QWERTY keyboard.

    It was Adler's first in-house design, and production began in 1900. Adler Fahrradwerke Heinrich Kleyer AG was founded in 1880 by Heinrich Kleyer.

  • Optima Büromaschinenwerk, typewriter, Bambino model

    Record number: 12836

    Date: 1954 - ?

    Geographical specifications: Germany

    Form of acquisition: purchase

    Dimensions: 9.5 x 27.5 x 24.5 cm

    Weight: 2.42 kg

    The Bambino was an index typewriter with no keyboard, manufactured in Germany during the 1950s. It was a toy machine intended for children, and so had a very simple mechanism: a layout with three lines of characters (lower and upper case and numbers), a lever to select the characters, while printing was performed by a print wheel. Just three buttons positioned on the left of the machine (green, black and red) were used operate all the functions. The manufacturers of the Bambino took as their model an older index machine known as the Gundka, manufactured in Germany in 1924. It operated on the same principles.

    The Bambino was made from Bakelite (phenol resin), a heat stable type of plastic, easy to manipulate at high temperatures, but which when it cooled became a hard, solid material. The machine was manufactured in various colours: red, green, dark red and blue were sold all round Europe.

  • Blickensderfer typewriter/ Model number 7

    Record number: 7383

    Date: 1897

    Form of acquisition: bequest

    Dimensions: 16.7 x 33.5 x 28.5 cm

    Weight: 5.1 kg

    BLICKENSDERFER portable typewriter, model number 7. Small in size, it has a 3-row keyboard with black keys and a central wheel in front of the carriage, containing the type and the ink, which when the desired key is pressed rotates and prints the text.

    It is mounted on a wooden board which is also the base of the wooden box used to carry it.

    George C. Blickensderfer (1850-1917) began designing the typewriters bearing his name in 1893. The key characteristic of the Blickensdefer was its portability, lightness (with just 250 parts), ease of transportation and easily affordable price. The design of the keyboard was based essentially on positioning the most commonly used letters on the lowest row (DHIATENSOR) to increase efficiency. The type was positioned on a central wheel, in front of the carriage, which rotated depending on the letter pressed.

  • Bar-lock typewriter/ Royal Bar-lock number 6

    Record number: 7497

    Date: 1896

    Geographical specifications: England

    Form of acquisition: purchase

    Weight: 11.86 kg

    Bar-lock typewriter, of the Royal Bar-lock model (aka the Columbia Bar-lock). This is a downward operating design with a full keyboard and a central golden chassis covering the whole arc of vertical type letters. The name of the machine is itself derived from the frontal protection system fitted to it, preventing the type bars from becoming displaced when actuated. It likewise stands out for its double keyboard (for upper and lower case), and the ornamentation in the central part of the machine.